Are you up to the challenge of our Lockdown Quiz??


During the current period of ‘lockdown’ members of CLHF may wish to ‘have a go’ at the following Quiz about the history of Cumbria.

Answers should be sent on-line, no later than Friday 15 May, to  Submissions should include a name, and whether that person is a member of a group (which group) or an indívídual member.  In the (unlikely) event of any dispute, the CLHF’s Committee’s decision will be final.  With thanks to the following for the questions: Adrian Allan, Ruth Lawley, Lorna & Mike Mullett, John Poland & Peter Roebuck.

The three most successful submissions, together with the answers, will be included in the next issue of the Bulletin and placed on the website.


  1. Around 400 years ago, according to legend, Herdwick sheep were brought into Cumbria: from which country?
  2. Brougham Castle is partly built on which Roman fort?
  3. Identify the following places in Cumbria, named as follows in archives:
  4. Abbey Lander coast, Aldeneby, Aylnfoote
  5. Bello Monte, Brackmeer, Burgo iuxta Sablones
  6. Byrkscawe, Chirchebrid, Christkeld
  7. Henriby, Kirkeby, Le Chastel de Hehed
  8. Petrelwra, Trepenna, Ullesby
  9. Identify a. the city to which the following text relates and b. any of those mentioned. ‘At the ninth hour they were looking at the city wall and the well formerly built in a wonderful manner by the Romans, as Waga, the reeve of the city explained’.
  10. What do the following places in Cumbria have in common: Aspatria, Askerton, Caldbeck, Irthington and Crosthwaite, near Keswick?
  11. Why is there no entry for the whole of Cumberland and a large part of Westmorland in Domesday Book?
  12. Where can you find at least one church in Cumbria currently dedicated to St. Thomas Becket?
  13. Who was the founder of Cartmel Priory?
  14. Temple Sowerby takes its name from which order of knighthood?
  15. Which English king created the Diocese of Carlisle?
  16. To which religious order did Shap Abbey belong?
  17. Which Scottish monarch died in Carlisle Castle?
  18. Identify the Cumbrian bishop who crowned Elizabeth I.
  19. Which Cumbrian town saw the greatest loss of life in the Plague of 1598?
  20. Name the wandering poet (1588-1673) born in Kendal.
  21. Which Oxbridge College was most frequented by Cumbrians during the early modern period?
  22. Which Westmorland family included in the space of six generations a Warden of a March, an ally of Mary Tudor, an aristocrat who supported the Puritans, and a ’wayward genius’ who disrobed at his own wedding?
  23. Name the founder of the Appleby alms houses.
  24. Name a. Sir Daniel Fleming’s father, and b. where the family lived?
  25. When a. was the first turnpike road in Cumbria built and b. which places did it connect?
  26. After whom is Maryport named?
  27. In which year in Cumbria (and the rest of Britain and Ireland) was 2 September followed by 14 September?
  28. What natural phenomenon was described by Nicolson & Burn in their History of Cumberland & Westmorland in 1777 as ‘a rolling cloud sometimes 3-4 days together, hovers over the mountain tops, the sky being clear in other parts….a violent roaring hurricane comes tumbling down the mountains, ready to tear up all before it, then, on a sudden comes a profound calm’?
  29. In which year did Appleby Fair begin?
  30. Identify the location in Cumbria of one of the supply depots established by the government during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.
  31. The Hoad Monument commemorates which Ulverston born citizen?
  32. Which Cumbrian hamlet was the early home of the Countess Mary Ossolinsky?
  33. A new factory building was opened in Carlisle in 1838, the year of Queen Victoria’s Coronation, and is still called the Coronation Building: name a. its owner and b. its location.
  34. Which Cumbrian character lies buried in Caldbeck churchyard?
  35. Which was the first public railway line in Cumberland?
  36. In a. which year did the railway reach Windermere, and b. which poet opposed it?
  37. Who was the architect of the railway stations built at Grange-over-Sands and Ulverston (built 1864 and 1873 respectively)?
  38. Who or what is Moses Trod?
  39. Where would you find Cumbria’s Whitehall?
  40. To which lake in Cumbria was Tennyson referring in these lines: ‘He stepping down by zigzag paths and juts of pointed rock, / Came on the shining levels of the lake’?
  41. Identify the Cumbrian artist who was particularly associated with the Pre-Raphaelites.
  42. Which Emperor visited Cumbria in 1895 and 1902?
  43. Which radical member of the nobility with both Cumbrian and Yorkshire connections was Bertrand Russell’s aunt?
  44. Which British politician and minister lived at Netherby Hall?
  45. Who a. was dubbed the ‘Father of Lakeland Geology’ and b. where did he live and die?
  46. In which Cumbrian village will you find the Mayburgh Henge?
  47. Can you a. name the Cumbrian-born father and son who uniquely shared a Nobel prize, b. for what, and c. in which year?
  48. Lance Sergeant Tom Mayson VC came from which Cumbrian village?
  49. Can you identify those with Cumbrian connections who have served as a. Lord Chancellor, and b. as Speaker of the House of Commons?
  50. In the ‘Spanish flu’ epidemic after the Great War was the mortality rate in Carlisle greater or less than the rate nationally?
  51. H.H. Symonds was one of the founders of which Cumbrian environmental group?
  52. The author and poet Dorothy Una Phillips was a former owner of which Cumbrian house?
  53. Who lived at 14, St. George’s Terrace, Millom?
  54. Which Brítish politician was born in Warcop?
  55. Can you identify varieties of apple that originated in or have particular associations with Cumbria? (1 mark per variety)
  56. Identify the farm animals described in dialect terms as: a. stot, why, & tip; and b. gimmer, hogg & twinter.
  57. Identify the trees described in dialect terms as: aik, birk, eller, hollin and burtree.
  58. Identify the wildlife described in dialect terms as: brock, mowdiwarp & paddock.
  59. To the nearest 1000, what was the population of Cumbria in 2016?